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Why we need to practiceGround rules and targetsThe Dry-Fly EventThe Trout-Fly EventThe Bass Bug EventThe Angler's Distance Fly EventThe Single-Handed Distance Fly Casting EventWhy we need to practiceGround rules and targetsThe Dry-Fly eventThe Trout-Fly EventThe Bass Bug EventThe Angler's Distance Fly Event




LESSON FOUR: The Trout-Fly Event

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To review: To succeed in fly fishing, we need to become good casters primarily in terms of accuracy, but also, under certain circumstances, in distance. In our introduction, we mentioned that most of us learn the fundamentals of casting through books or videos, casting schools, or, perhaps, from a veteran fly-casting friend. But between fishing trips, these lessons are lost, so it is necessary to practice our casting periodically. We agreed that usually practice isn't fun, but we're going to make casting practice "fun," to a point that many of us will actually look forward to it.

Lesson Three: We discussed the Dry-Fly Event, which is not only a springboard to successful trout fishing but very helpful in just about every type of fly fishing where casting accuracy is needed. Assuming that you've practiced the Dry-Fly Event, let's move on to one of the most exciting casting challenges: The Trout-Fly Accuracy Event. This is a crucial game because it stresses three very important and different casts: the Dry-Fly, the Wet-Fly and the Roll-Cast presentations.

PLACING THE TARGETS: The placement of targets is exactly the same as for the Dry-Fly Event (Lesson Three), so you don't have to change a thing. We'll include a similar diagram of target placement in this lesson for your immediate reference.

THE TACKLE: You can use just about any fly-fishing tackle you have, but I'd like to recommend an outfit for two reasons: (1) It's probably the best outfit for 75 percent of the stream trout fishing you'll encounter, and, (2) it will come close to what's required in casting tournaments (hey, some of you are going to enjoy this so much and progress to a point where you may want to enter local, regional or national casting tournaments).

The Rod: Do you have an 8½-foot fly rod that is calibrated for a No. 6 tapered fly line? Great. Use it for this event. If you don't have one, use a fly rod that's comes closest to it in terms of length and line weight.
The Line: A No. 6 tapered floating line. For this event a double-taper (DT6F) line is preferable to a forward-taper (WF6F) fly line.
The Reel: Your normal single-action fly reel is perfect.
The Leader: At least 9-ft. long (which is standard for most trout fishing) tapered to about .008 (3X) or less.
The Fly: Use a practice fly (see Lesson Three) but trim it so that the wound hackle is about a half inch in diameter. Or, if you prefer, tie on a small piece of bright yarn to the tippet.

THE TROUT-FLY EVENT: As mentioned, there are three different casting rounds in this event: Dry Fly, the Wet Fly and the Roll Cast. Let's do them in the sequence:


Hold the practice fly in the non-casting hand with no more than the leader plus two feet of line extending beyond the rod tip. Now start false casting so that the line, leader and fly are moving in the air, back and forth without intentionally striking the surface in front of you. While false casting, strip some fly line from your reel and let it pass through the rod guides, until you think you have enough line out to hit the first target. If you feel that you have let out too much line to hit the near target, strip in some line while false casting. After adjustments are made, and your fly seems to hover over the target while false casting, make the final forward cast or presentation and allow the fly to settle on the target. That's it! Nice going.

Now you are ready for the second target. Lift the fly off the ground or water and begin false casting again over the second target. Adjust your line by stripping out more line from the reel and letting it feed through the guides. If you let out too much line, strip some in. When you think the fly will land in the center of the target, make your presentation and drop the fly into the target. Now proceed to the third, fourth and fifth target. This completes the Dry-Fly Round. If you miss the target by one foot or less you have a demerit of one. If you miss by more than one foot, the maximum demerits you receive are two. In the official tournament rules there are other demerits (such as ticks, improper strips, etc.), but right now we don't have to be concerned with them. Keep track of your demerits and total them for the Dry-Fly Round.


Okay, now strip in the line (don't reel it in) and hold the fly in your noncasting hand with no more than two feet of fly line beyond the tip of the rod. Begin to false cast and let out line through the guides until you feel that your fly is over the near target. You can make as many false casts as you like on the first target. When you're ready, make your presentation. Now lift the fly line make only one false cast in which you allow enough line to slip through the guides to reach the second target. After a single false cast you must make your presentation. Lift the line again, make one false cast and go to the third target. Repeat the procedure and aim the fly to the fourth and finally the fifth target. Remember: Only one false cast is allowed between targets. Use the same demerit system that you used for the Dry-Fly Round. Keep track of your score for the Wet-Fly Round.


After your final cast in the Wet-Fly Round you retrieve the line by stripping it in until the fly is at the closest target. Now you roll cast and try to hit the first target. After you hit it, you go to the next nearest target, and when you hit that continue to the third, fourth and fifth target in the same sequence as in the two previous rounds. Simple? Right?

Well, almost. I forgot to tell you something. You have to hit all five targets within a total of 15 roll casts. That's not easy to do. You may need to brush up on roll casting (again Wulff, Kreh, Krieger, and others have marvelous how-to-cast books and videos). You get two demerits for each target you do not hit. In other words, if you hit three targets within the 15 allotted casts, you get four demerits (two demerits for each of the two targets you didn't hit).

Note: This round is best cast on water, but it can be done on land (it's just harder to roll cast on ground because you don't have the pull of the water on your line to help load the rod. If you cast on ground you might increase the number of allotted roll casts). The best way to lengthen the line from one target to another is to wiggle the rod tip back and forth, allowing loose line to pass through the guides.

YOUR SCORE: Add the demerits from the Dry-Fly, Wet-Fly and Roll-Casting rounds. Subtract the total demerits from 100 and you have your score.

Important: Keep a simple scorecard so that you can observe your progress.

It's important to keep track of your scores. As you improve your casting skills, so will your scores, and this will motivate you to practice more.

Here's my arbitrary score rating for the Trout-Fly Event. We will not count ticks, improper strip demerits, etc. Just accuracy demerits.
Under 70: Something is wrong somewhere. Your math? My math? It's impossible to cast under 70, since we're not counting ticks and other nonaccuracy demerits right now. You can only get 10 demerits in each of the three rounds.

71 to 80: You're casting is a little rusty, but you'll notice improvement very quickly as you continue to practice. Keep it up!

81 to 85: You've got the basics down fairly well. You're doing fine.

86 to 90: You're casting very well! Excellent casting mechanics. Good eye-and-hand coordination.

91 to 95: Superb! What else can I say?

96 to 100 (Super Elite Class): You should enter the ACA National Casting Tournament! You're among the top 1 percent of fly casters in the world!

HOW DOES THE TROUT-FLY EVENT HELP OUR FISHING? Casting accuracy is vital in nearly all fly fishing, but especially fishing for trout and salmon.

Dry-Fly Round: We've covered the benefits of the Dry-Fly segment in Lesson Three, so I won't repeat them here.

The Wet-Fly Round: You're fishing a streamer, nymph, wet fly or even a dry. A trout rises to take a natural or you see that flash underneath the surface. You need to deliver the fly quickly and accurately. You have time for one false cast and delivery. In the wet-fly event you learn to shoot line on the back cast or on the forward cast.

In subsurface fishing you may want to cover a section systematically by fan casting. Lift. One false cast. Deliver. Allow the fly to do its thing and then lift, false cast (allow some line through the guides) and deliver. Keep repeating this.

Fan casting is a basic fishing approach for Atlantic salmon but can be employed with most river or stream fishing, especially when fishing wets in discolored waters.

The Roll-Cast Round: If you fish small, brushy streams, or even big rivers where you can't make a back cast, the roll cast is not only imperative, it is essential for fishing success. You learn accuracy and how to lengthen your roll cast. Many neophytes never practice roll casting, except when absolutely necessary-while fishing! Caption: The Wet-Fly Event comes in handy for many stream applications. This angler is fan casting on a salmon river, but you can use the same approach on trout streams with wet flies and streamers

HOW TO MAKE THIS MORE FUN: Again you should keep track of your scores. By practicing often, you will notice improvement on a continuing basis. Use my arbitrary scoring system presented above and try to move from one level of skill to another. This will fuel your enthusiasm for more practice. The Trout-Fly Event teaches you three important types of casting. In fact, if you learn these three casts well, your fishing results will zoom. Guaranteed!

As per Lesson Three, get your friends, family, fishing club, TU or other organizations to become involved in this wholesome, worthwhile fun activity. Learning the Trout-Fly Event is challenging. Practice it! Don't give up easily. Suddenly it will come to you, and your going to feel very good about your casting, and most importantly, catch more and bigger fish. - Jim C. Chapralis

Next Lesson: The Bass-Bug Event (Okay, we've concentrated on the trout fishers, so next we'll learn a fascinating game that will help you improve your results for bass and for other species where you need to throw a larger fly, quickly, accurately and farther).

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